Lettuce

Lettuce, (Lactuca sativa), an annual leaf vegetable of the aster family (Asteraceae). In India, lettuce also known as the Goose vegetable, Tropical lettuce, Ku mak, Yao mak, Ku Mak Cai, Daun Panjang, and Sawi Rana, Indian lettuce is a general descriptor used to describe several Asian plants with leaves that vary in shape and size.
Asteraceae, also called Compositae, is the aster, daisy, or composite family of the flowering plant order Asterales. With more than 1,620 genera and 23,600 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees distributed worldwide, Asteraceae is one of the most prominent plant families.
Lettuce
Most lettuce varieties are eaten fresh and are commonly served as the base of green salads. Lettuce is generally a rich source of vitamins K and A, though the nutritional quality varies, depending on the variety.
Four botanical varieties of lettuce are cultivated:
There are two classes of head lettuce:
Lettuce plants can have taproots or fibrous root systems. The leaves of domesticated varieties come in a wide range of colours, from shades of green to deep red and purple; variegated varieties have also been developed.
Lettuces are harvested prior to flowering, as the “bolting” of the flower stalk elongates head lettuce, reduces the size of the leaves, and imparts a bitter flavour. The yellow flower heads produce achene fruits with feathery pappus structures for wind dispersal.
For successful cultivation, lettuce requires ample water, especially in warmer weather. During unseasonable weather, protection is furnished and growth is stimulated with greenhouses, frames, cloches, or polyethylene covers.
In many parts of the world, the cos, leaf, and butterhead types are most popular, though some varieties are difficult to ship and are commonly grown on truck farms or market gardens relatively close to markets. The crisphead varieties, well adapted for long-distance shipment, are popular in the United States.

Types of Lettuce

Lettuce

1. Arugula

Benefits of Arugula Lettuce
  • Rapid vegetative multiplication of valuable plant material for agriculture, horticulture, and forestry.
  • When the apex of shoot is used for multiplication by tissue culture, we get disease free plants because the shoot apical meristem, a group of dividing cells at the tip of a stem or root, is free from pathogens.
  • Frisee


    2. Frisee

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    Spinach


    3. Spinach

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    Mesclun


    4. Mesclun

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    Kale


    5. Kale

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    Radicchio


    6. Radicchio

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    Endive


    7. Endive

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    Watercress


    8. Watercress

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    Escarole


    9. Escarole

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    Mache


    10. Mache

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    Iceberg


    11. Iceberg

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    Romaine


    12. Romaine

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    Boston


    13. Boston

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    Bibb


    14. Bibb

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    Looseleaf


    15. Looseleaf

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    Batavia


    16. Batavia

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    Little Gem


    17. Little Gem

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    Oak Leaf


    18. Oak Leaf

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    Buttercrunch


    19. Buttercrunch

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    Little Caesar


    20. Little Caesar

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    Dandelion leaf


    21. Dandelion leaf

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    Radish Greens


    22. Radish Greens

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    Beetroot Greens


    23. Beetroot Greens

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    Lambs


    24. Lambs

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    Bok Choy


    25. Bok Choy

    25.Bok Choi
    Landscape